What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.
Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and lower extremity amputations. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.
Symptoms of Pre-Diabetes
Some possible symptoms are an unusual thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, and unexplained fatigue.
Who should be tested for Pre-Diabetes?
If you are age 45 or older and are overweight, it is wise to be tested for pre-diabetes during your next routine visit with your doctor. If you are over age 45 and your weight is normal, ask your doctor during your next routine visit if testing is necessary.
Risk factors for pre-diabetes include:
- Family history of diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Low HDL cholesterol (the good cholesterol)
- High triglycerides
- History of diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) or giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- Belonging to an ethnic group at high risk for diabetes- African-American, Latino, Asian, Native American, or Pacific Islander
How do you know if you have diabetes?
Most common symptoms:
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Unusual thirst
- Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
- Frequent skin, bladder and gum infections
- Extreme fatigue
- Slow healing cuts and bruises
- Unexplained weight loss
- Genital itching (recurring yeast infections)
- Intense hunger
To learn more about diabetes:
Basics about diabetes
American Diabetes Association
American Dietetic Association
Center for Disease Control - Diabetes Program
Illinois Diabetes Control Program
Macoupin County Diabetes Prevention and Control Program
The Macoupin County Public Health Diabetes Prevention and Control program has been part of the Illinois Diabetes Prevention and Control program since 1997. Working together we can reduce the burden of diabetes in Macoupin County.
The “Control” aspect of the program saught to reach the over 3,500 persons living with diabetes in Macoupin County and their families with the message “4 Steps to Control your Diabetes For Life.” , as well as increase the number of persons who take the risk test to determine if they are at risk for diabetes.
The Diabetes Control program focused on several topics including foot, eye, blood sugar control, and flu vaccination. Throughout the year campaigns also cover cardiovascular and dental topics. Materials on each of these topics can be obtained by the health department by either calling Debbie at 217-854-3223, ext. 225 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
The “Prevention” aspect of the program seeks to reach all Macoupin County residents to encourage healthy lifestyles.
Diabetes Program Services
Nutrition Counseling with a registered dietitian. Appointments can be made for individual nutrition education by calling 217-854-3223, ext. 225 or 217-839-1526.
A1c testing and Cholesterol screening which includes a glucose screening. Both are offered the fourth Monday of each month at the Macoupin County Public Health Department Carlinville location. This clinic is held from 8 a.m. to noon on a first come, first serve basis.
A lending library is available to all Macoupin County residents. The library includes a variety of books including cookbooks and various American Diabetes Association topics. Books for teens and young children are also available.
A free six week Chronic Disease Self Management Workshop is offered throughout Macoupin County.
Maple Street Medical Clinic provides medical, dental and behavioral health services at affordable costs.